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South Asia Monsoon Outlook

The World Meteorological Organization’s South Asia Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) has finalized its consensus outlook for the 2016 Southwest Monsoon season. From June through September, the Southwest Monsoon dominates life in much of South Asia and accounts for 75-90 percent of the rainfall in most parts of the region. Advance information about the likely performance of the monsoon makes it possible for decision-makers to plan agricultural, public health and other risk-management strategies.

WMO has established Regional Climate Outlook Forums around the world so that countries can collaborate with their neighbors on studying and forecasting seasonal climate conditions. The regional climate outlooks are developed through expert assessments of prevailing global climate conditions and forecasts from various climate models. For more information please visit the WMO website.

Link to Report/Outlook >>

News First seasonal weather report, Sri Lanka

South Asia Monsoon Outlook
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South Asia Monsoon Impacts
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Monsoons and Climate Change

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, seasonal mean rainfall in South Asia has been marked by a declining trend, with more frequent deficit monsoons. An increase in extreme rainfall events has occurred at the expense of weaker rainfall events over the central Indian region and in many other areas. In South Asia overall, the frequency of heavy precipitation events is increasing, while light rain events are decreasing.

For more information, IPCC Chapter 14 >>

Monsoon and El Niño

El Niño is the dominant influence on the interannual variation of the monsoon. As a general rule, El Niño years tend to yield drier monsoon seasons in South Asia, but it is not a certainty.

WMO has produced a three-minute video on the current El Niño in multiple languages that is available on Youtube. To download a high-resolution version, please contact

This video is available in:

Through this interactive, Climate Central looks at how El Niño typically influences the world's weather, what it can mean for societies in the areas it affects, and what has actually been happening with this particular event.

To feature this interactive on your site, go to this link. Find the embed code and sizing information on the bottom left-hand corner of this graphic.

WMO El Niño update - February 2016 >>

For More Information

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