Climate MattersMarch 1, 2023

2023 Spring Package

Click here to access the data (CSV)



  • Spring temperatures have increased by 2°F on average across the U.S. since 1970. 

  • Spring has warmed since 1970 in 232 U.S. locations.

  • The Southwest has experienced the most spring warming, with locations in Nevada, Texas, and Arizona exceeding a 6°F increase.

  • Since 1970, 75% of locations saw at least seven more days above their 1991–2020 spring normal temperature. 

  • Spring is not only warming but coming earlier, stressing water supplies in the West and extending the allergy season across the country.

CM: Spring Warming Map 2023 (EN)
Click the downloadable graphic: Spring Warming Map
CM: Spring Days Above Normal 2023 (EN)
Click the downloadable graphic: Spring Days Above Normal
CM: Average Spring Temperatures 2023 (EN)
Click the downloadable graphic: Average Spring Temperatures

Spring is here

Today, March 1st, marks the first day of meteorological spring (March, April, May). To help you welcome the season of melting snow and blooming flowers, we’ve updated our annual Spring Package with:

  • Average spring temperature trends since 1970 (247 U.S. locations)

  • Change in average spring temperature since 1970 (Contiguous U.S.)

  • Spring days above normal trends since 1970 (247 U.S. locations)

Springing into a warmer-than-normal season

The year started with record-setting January warmth, especially in the Northeastern U.S. And like all other seasons, spring is getting warmer across the country. These warming trends are a result of human-caused carbon pollution. 

Climate Central analyzed spring temperature data since 1970 in 247 U.S. locations. Trends for 238 U.S. cities (see Methodology) are summarized below:

  • Since 1970, spring temperatures have increased by 2°F on average across the U.S. 

  • Spring has warmed in 97% (232) of 238 U.S. locations.

  • The Southwest has experienced the largest increase in average spring temperatures, with the greatest warming in Reno, Nev. (7.1°F), Las Vegas, Nev. (6.5°F), and El Paso, Texas (6.2°F). 

  • Since 1970, 75% (178) of locations saw at least seven more days above their 1991-2020 spring normal temperature.

Warmer springs impact agriculture, health, and water supplies

Spring is not only warming but also shifting. EPA data shows that, since 1980, the last spring frost has happened on average 3.5 days earlier than the long-term average. As warm weather cuts into colder months, growing seasons last longer.

A longer growing season can bring opportunities and challenges for agriculture, depending on the location, ecosystem, and other factors such as water supply. For example, a longer growing season might give some farmers the chance to diversify crops and find new markets. Other farmers might be faced with higher irrigation demands or unwanted plants and animals—including weeds like poison ivy and pests like mosquitoes—that might reduce crop yields. Longer growing seasons also mean longer pollen seasons—a health concern for millions of Americans suffering from allergies and asthma. 

In the West, where spring warming is particularly pronounced, another critical resource is impacted: water. Warmer winters and springs mean less snow accumulation and earlier snowmelt, which stresses the region’s limited water resources. The water deficit brought by earlier snowmelt has critical consequences for hydropower generation, agriculture, and drinking water supplies.


When is spring blooming near you? 

Check out the “springcasting” tools at USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN), an organization of citizen scientists, government agencies, non-profit groups, and others, who monitor seasonal changes in the natural world. USA-NPN tracks the onset of spring across the country and has historical, real-time, and forecasted phenology maps. These are important tools for forecasting invasive species and pests, allergy outbreaks, and informing agricultural calendars. 

How is allergy season in your area affected by warmer springs?

Check out how the duration of the pollen season has changed in your area since 1970 with Climate Central’s local graphics (available for 203 U.S. locations). Find out how your city ranked in the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America report on the top 100 U.S. Allergy Capitals of 2022. Search for a local allergen report or sign up for pollen level alerts through the National Allergy Bureau.

Check out climate fingerprints on warm spring temperatures near you:

Climate Central’s Climate Shift Index (CSI) quantifies the influence of climate change on daily high and low temperatures experienced in cities across the U.S. To get notified about when CSI peaks in your area, sign up for our Realtime Climate alerts.


Alyssa Rosemartin
Partner and Application Specialist
USA National Phenology Network
School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona
Relevant expertise: plant and animal phenology
*Available for interviews in Spanish and English

Janet Prevéy, PhD
Research Ecologist
Fort Collins Science Center, USGS
Relevant expertise: impact of environmental changes on phenology

Jose Pablo Ortiz Partida, PhD
Senior Bilingual Water and Climate Scientist
Union of Concerned Scientists
Relevant expertise: climate and water science in California
Contact: Debra Holtz, 
*Available for interviews in Spanish and English

Mark D. Schwartz, PhD
Distinguished Professor, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Co-founder of the USA National Phenology Network
Relevant expertise: climatology, phenology

Theresa Crimmins, PhD
Director, USA National Phenology Network
Research Professor, University of Arizona
Relevant expertise: plant and animal phenology

Viviana Beltran
Student translator, USA National Phenology Network
Graduate Student, University of Arizona
Relevant expertise: educational outreach on environmental science
*Available for interviews in Spanish and English


Submit a request to SciLine from the American Association for the Advancement of Science or to the Climate Data Concierge from Columbia University. These free services rapidly connect journalists to relevant scientific experts. 

Browse maps of climate experts and services at regional NOAA, USDA, and Department of the Interior offices.  

Explore databases such as 500 Women Scientists, BIPOC Climate and Energy Justice PhDs, and Diverse Sources to find and amplify diverse expert voices. 

Reach out to your State Climate Office or the nearest Land-Grant University to connect with scientists, educators, and extension staff in your local area. 


Analyses used 1970–2022 data from the Applied Climate Information System. Spring days above normal were calculated relative to the 1991–2020 NOAA/NCEI normals. Displayed trend lines are based on a mathematical linear regression. Climate Central's local analyses include 247 stations. However, for data summaries based on linear trends, only 238 stations are included due to data gaps in Bend, Ore., Dothan, Ala., Hattiesburg, Miss., Hazard, Ky., Jefferson City, Mo., Jonesboro, Ark., Terre Haute, Ind., Twin Falls, Idaho, and Wheeling, W. Va. Average spring warming since 1970 for U.S. climate divisions (displayed on the national map graphic in this release) use NCEI/NOAA Climate at a Glance data.