By Climate Central
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Random House, Inc.
There’s a lot of debate about climate change, but not in the scientific community. People who actually study the climate overwhelmingly agree that greenhouse gases generated by human activity are pushing Earth’s climate into a state the world hasn’t seen for many tens of thousands of years. These experts don’t know to the last detail what will happen, but they’ve learned enough to make them very concerned.
This book is an attempt to explain why — to lay out the current state of knowledge about climate change, including what we know, how we know it, and what’s left to figure out. We’ve done our best to explain the underlying science given in clear and simple language, and without the melodrama that characterizes much of the conversation about climate change — “we’re all doomed,” on the one hand, and “it’s just a hoax” on the other. We aren’t interested in preaching. We believe that the facts, presented in a straightforward way, are convincing enough.
We’ve also taken great care to avoid bias. We acknowledge that some aspects of the problem can’t yet be addressed with certainty. We also make clear what climate scientists are confident about.
To ensure technical accuracy, each chapter has been carefully reviewed by Climate Central scientists. The chapters have then been reviewed again by eminent outside scientists who have particular expertise in the relevant subject areas—and then, if necessary, revised again.
The result, we believe, is an accurate overview of the state of climate science as it exists today.
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Prophecies by Nostradamus and Climate Central — New York Times
The Endless Summer — New York Times, Mark Bittman
Want to Understand Climate Change? Try This Simple Book — Scientific American
Clear, Concise Writing Distinguishes Climate Central’s Global Weirdness — Yale Forum on Climate Change, Media
Nonfiction Previews, July 2012, Pt. 2: Two Key Current Events Titles — Library Journal
GLOBAL WEIRDNESS — Kirkus Reviews
Global Weirdness — The Leonard Lopate Show
Climate Central | Interview with Michael Lemonick — Time Out Chicago
Does Global Warming Cause Severe Weather? “Global Weirdness” Excerpt — The Daily Beast
Lemonick Gives Roker Wake-Up Call to ‘Global Weirdness’ — The Weather Channel's “Wake-Up with Al (Roker)”
Q&A: Michael Lemonick, co-author of ‘Global Weirdness’ — Smart Planet
Our Ancestors Survived Climate Change. But It Wasn't Always Pretty
The human species has lived through times of drastic climate change. Since modern humans first evolved, perhaps 200,000 years ago, the planet has gone through at least one Ice Age, when temperatures were somewhere between 7.2°F and 14.4°Fcolder than they are today (this is a worldwide average; some places would have been considerably warmer or cooler). That didn’t stop our ancestors from spreading over most of the world. It didn’t stop them from perfecting crude stone tools. It didn’t stop them from creating beautiful paintings, like the ones on cave walls at Lascaux, France, or on rocks in Australia.
And when the climate warmed up dramatically, about ten thousand years ago, our ancestors not only survived but started to flourish. It’s probably no coincidence that human civilization developed during these last ten thousand years, a period in which temperatures have been not only warm but extraordinarily steady. The climate was unusually stable during this period, at least in some parts of the world, which may have helped spur the development of agriculture. That in turn allowed for a dramatic expansion of our population.
Indeed, the human population has exploded over the past ten thousand years, from about five million at the start (about the same as the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, but spread evenly across the world) to nearly seven billion today.
Beyond that, the original five million had no permanent addresses. Just as their ancestors had for millions of years, they lived in small bands that might stay in one place for an extended time, but if they had to pick up and move because a glacier was inching closer or a drought was lingering too long, they could do it. Some of these bands were undoubtedly wiped out by changes in climate, among other reasons. However, these events wouldn’t threaten the species as a whole.
But after our ancestors invented agriculture, most people stopped foraging through the fields and forests for fruits and seeds and began planting them. Farming is a much more efficient way of getting food, and an abundant food supply made it possible for populations to grow. However, it also meant people had to stay in one place, which led to the creation and growth of cities. These tended to arise near lakes, rivers, and oceans — sources of food, water, and transportation — which are also likely to rise or fall as the climate changes.
That’s why climate change is such a worry today. It’s one thing for a small band of people to pack up camp and move a couple hundred miles to a better location if the climate changes. It’s a very different thing to try to move a city like Cairo or New York or Shanghai because the sea level is rising. It’s very different to relocate the farms of the Midwestern United States up to Canada — along with the highways and railroads and power lines that serve them — because it’s become too hot and dry to grow grain. It’s very different to move tens of millions of people out of harm’s way in low-lying coastal nations like Bangladesh. Our civilization, in short, is very highly adapted to the present climate. Major changes of any sort would almost certainly be extremely disruptive.
So while the human species has survived climate change in the distant past, those adjustments were relatively simple — but even so, they probably involved levels of mortality that we are unaccustomed to today. It should be a given that individual lives matter, not just the survival of the species. The result of global warming is projected to push temperatures above the range of previous interglacial periods, but even if the changes were no greater than those humans have lived through in the past, our very large population and the existence of modern civilization make this a whole different ball game.
To Buy the Book:
Here are links to several places Global Weirdness is available for purchase:
Random House, Inc. (Publisher)