The federal government is spending billions to help develop low-carbon coal technology

Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) can reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal-burning power plants. While the technology’s various components have been shown to work, further testing and scale-up of all the components together will be needed before it is likely to become widely used.  The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 includes provisions for some $3.4 billion in funding for the US Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy — a substantial portion of which is directed to CCS development projects.[[Fred Sissine, Anthony Andrews, and Peter Folger. Energy Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (PDF) (P.L. 111-5). Congressional Research Service.]]