South Asia Monsoon Outlook
By Climate Central
The World Meteorological Organization’s South Asia Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) has finalized its consensus outlook for the 2016 Southwest Monsoon season. From June through September, the Southwest Monsoon dominates life in much of South Asia and accounts for 75-90 percent of the rainfall in most parts of the region. Advance information about the likely performance of the monsoon makes it possible for decision-makers to plan agricultural, public health and other risk-management strategies.
WMO has established Regional Climate Outlook Forums around the world so that countries can collaborate with their neighbors on studying and forecasting seasonal climate conditions. The regional climate outlooks are developed through expert assessments of prevailing global climate conditions and forecasts from various climate models. For more information please visit the WMO website.
Monsoons and Climate Change
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, seasonal mean rainfall in South Asia has been marked by a declining trend, with more frequent deficit monsoons. An increase in extreme rainfall events has occurred at the expense of weaker rainfall events over the central Indian region and in many other areas. In South Asia overall, the frequency of heavy precipitation events is increasing, while light rain events are decreasing.