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Lost in Watergate’s Wake: Nixon’s Green Legacy

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The date will never resonate like July 4, 1776, or December 7, 1941, or 9/11, but Aug. 8, 1974 -- exactly 38 years ago today -- was a monumentally important day for those of us old enough to remember it. It was on a Thursday evening that Richard Nixon announced he was stepping down as President of the United States — the first president in U.S. history to resign from office, and so far, the only one.

I was about to enter my junior year of college, and for my friends and me, it was a day to celebrate. We pretty much hated Nixon. He had failed to end the Vietnam War with the so-called “secret plan” he’d promised as a candidate back in 1968. In fact, he escalated it by bombing Cambodia, a ploy that led to the tragic Kent State shootings. He kept an enemies list of people he thought were out to get him, and he masterminded and covered up a burglary at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel, a sleazy bit of thuggery that culminated in his disgrace and ultimate resignation.

I despised Nixon so much back then that even now it’s hard for me to get it into my head that he was a hero in at least one important way: he was a champion of protecting the environment, like no president before him since Teddy Roosevelt, and like no president since. The list of his green accomplishments — things he actually initiated, and laws he approved with his signature — is truly impressive. They include (deep breath, now):

The National Environmental Policy Act (1969), which among other things required that all federal agencies produce environmental impact statements on the possible negative effects of any and all regulations. It also created the President’s Council on Environmental Quality.

— The Environmental Protection Agency (1970). Self-explanatory. Amazing.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, 1970). Proposed by Nixon “...for better protection of life and property from natural hazards...for a better understanding of the total environment...[and] for exploration and development leading to the intelligent use of our marine resources...” That's what he wanted, and that's what the agency does.

The Clean Air Act (1970). Before the act, America’s skies were filthy. Afterward, they weren’t exactly pristine, but they were dramatically better, and later amendments cleaned the air up even more.

Earth Week (1971). OK, something of a gimmick, but still, Nixon endorsed it to commemorate the first anniversary of Earth Day. He may not have sported Birkenstocks, but in some ways the man was practically a tree-hugger.

The Clean Water Act (1972). If this is beginning to sound like the green legislation hall of fame, it’s not just you.

— The Endangered Species Act (1973):  Even if this was all Nixon had achieved, he would rank among one of our greenest presidents.

His opponents claimed, naturally, that all of these seemingly noble gestures were politically motivated. Nixon didn’t care about he environment: he knew lots of Americans did care, and he wanted to divert attention from the disaster in Vietnam.

There’s probably a grain of truth in it, but so what? Try to imagine a political leader in either party advocating for such a bold pro-environment agenda today, let along getting even a fraction of Nixon-level laws passed.

I certainly can’t. For all his faults, and there were plenty, Richard Nixon did more for the environment than most of the bona fide environmentalists I know. And for that reason, I can’t quite celebrate Nixon Resignation Day the way I would have imagined back in 1974. 

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Comments

By Jan (NJ)
on August 8th, 2012

I remember it well. I was about to enter my junior year of high school and watched his resignaiton and also couldn’t say I wasn’t happy about it. The bombing of Cambodia was something that still haunts my memory. However, it was only two years before he resigned that I sent him a letter at the White House to tell him my thoughts as a young person on the environment. I was concerned about water pollution especially. I wrote my thoughts on air pollution, water pollution and the need to get off the combustion engine and do more to open more farms to clean the air and make healthy food. Anyway, I didn’t think I would get a response but I did.  He wrote about his days growing up on a lemon farm, his Dutch heritage and his thanking me for my concern for the enviornment as a young person. It was as if he had a split personality because the words and tone were unlike someone who did what he did as a president. He also sent me some EPA statistics and told me to never give up on the environment. I don’t have the letter after all these years, but I will never forget it because it gave me an insight to the man that was from all accounts much removed from the president.

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By Bud (White Stone, Va. 22578)
on August 9th, 2012

Interesting column, but with a strange omission.  Lists the ‘71 Clean Water Act as a Nixon accomplishment, even though Nixon vetoed the bill, and his veto had to be over-ridden (unanimously in the Senate, if I recall correctly). To many environmental historians, Nixon actually came to regret his declaration of the 70s as “The Environmental Decade” when, as you say, he signed NEPA into law. 
His nominations of Russell E. Train as first EPA Administrator—followed by the appointment of William D. Ruckelshaus—also stand as commendable Nixon accomplishments.  Perhaps no EPA Administrator since those two (with possible exception of Lee Thomas) stands with such honor as those two EPA appointees.

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By Brian Cobb (portland, or 97209)
on August 13th, 2012

Nixon did not mastermind the Watergate break-in.

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